Casino gaming industries in many countries have experienced substantial growth and expansion in the 1990s. Much of this has been a direct result of explicit strategies adopted by state, provincial or national governments which believe that casinos can be an important catalyst in creating or otherwise stimulating growth and tourism within their borders. However, the success of using casinos as a growth strategy and a tourism strategy has been mixed. The actual impacts of casino developments and their contributions to tourism objectives have depended on a variety of circumstances.