Revue was born in France in the early nineteenth century, and it developed in various countries, most prominently in the United States and England. Th e genre usually features a theme and contains a series of scenes, including episodes of dance, songs, or sketches (Deane 2001: 242-4; Berlin 1991: 35); fundamentally, it is a type of pasticcio . Although its themes were originally rooted in satire or contemporary aff airs, in later development this was abandoned in favor of fragmental scenes of spectacles, magnifi cent stages and costumes, and the latest stage technology, which are now the main focal points of the genre. Revue was at its zenith in Western countries during the 1920s; aft er that, its preferred position was taken over by new entertainment media such as fi lm, radio, and records (Klein 1985: 185); today it no longer occupies a core place in show business. 1

Although Japanese society in the 1920s was also infl uenced by this mode of entertainment and several revue companies were established, they experienced the same fate as Western revues. However, one Japanese company continues to perform revues regularly: the Takarazuka Revue Company.