It has been the intention of this book to assess the way in which the ‘new regionalism’ is shaped across the North-South divide, how its effects are felt in countries of the semi-periphery and the periphery, and how some of these countries try to link up with new forms of regional networks. In the introduction to this book, we explicitly located the present analyses in the context of the debate on the nature and the impact of globalization. As Holm and Sørensen (1995) have argued, the effects of globalization are ‘uneven’. Partly following upon the argument of these authors, we have hypothesized that the extent to which states will be able to resist the effects of globalization is to some degree linked to the position of those countries in the world economic and political order.