A research and development firm located in Columbus, Ohio, said to be the world’s largest nonprofit scientific institute. It was founded in 1929 by George Battelle, whose family made its fortune in the steel business. Xerography was developed there, and titanium for aerospace applications. In audio history Battelle is noted for participation in wire recorder development during World War II. The institute also did key early research in digitial sound recording during the 1970s that lead to the development of the compact disc, or CD. The organization has research establishments in the state of Washington, Geneva, Switzerland, and Frankfurt, Germany, and also operates several other scientific research centers, including the Brook Haven and Oak Ridge National Laboratories. [Website: https://www.battelle.org./]

British pianist and record producer, with 50 years of service in at least 30 companies. His first work in recording was as a piano accompanist for Musiphone, a cylinder maker. He was a producer with Edison Bell from 1920 to 1927, then with Columbia Graphophone. As a ragtime pianist he recorded under the name Joe Bolton as early as 1912. His autobiography, Joe Batten’s Book, carries interesting anecdotes about the pioneer days of the industry in Britain.