Creative nations: the United Kingdom and Australia
DOI link for Creative nations: the United Kingdom and Australia
Creative nations: the United Kingdom and Australia book
To consider the development of cultural planning in Australia and the United Kingdom is to encounter a series of interconnections and exchanges that whilst often productive have also resulted in an ‘airport cultural planning’ approach whereby a steady flow of consultants and advisors ‘sell’ generic cultural plans to local governments. As a result, it is common for ideas and initiatives implemented in one place to be transported unchanged to another. This interrelationship developed apace in the 1980s, when ideas originating in the United Kingdom which refocused the discourses and processes of community arts influenced the approach taken in Australia. The reformulation of community arts was of course an important element in the emergence of cultural planning/cultural industries approaches to local arts policy and cultural development. Noteworthy in this context were the initiatives of the Greater London Council (GLC) and their subsequent documentation in works that were influential in the development of cultural planning. Starting with a consideration of the GLC and its approach to arts policy, this chapter considers issues and cultural planning initiatives and approaches in the United Kingdom and Australia. In particular, the chapter discusses the definitional and semantic slippage between culture, art and creativity that is a feature of cultural planning in Australia. It also considers the current trend of ‘pop-up’ events and spaces that increasingly are occurring either as part of cultural planning strategies to revitalize places and foster the development of the creative industries, or as part of a high-profile event, such as the Olympic Games. As with the other chapters in this part of the book, the chapter does not seek to be comprehensive and so absences and omission are great. Also it does not aim to trace intersections or make detailed comparisons. What it does is highlight selected trends and influences and point to some key ‘moments’ in the development and use of the arts and culture in specific national and local contexts.