The fi rst female suicide bombers appeared in the 1980s with the recruitment of female suicide bombers for Hezbollah and the Tamil Tigers. However, it was only with the second Intifada after 2002,2 which came after the Oslo Accords and the deterioration of the peace process, that the exponential increase of women participating in the Palestinian-Israeli confl ict became more visible and begun to capture international attention. Wafa Idris was the fi rst Palestinian woman to blow herself up on 27 January 2002, followed by many other female suicide bombers within the Palestinian-Israeli confl ict.