Malaysia today remains largely free of terrorism and other forms of political violence. It has experienced sporadic terrorist violence in the past, but none posed a significant threat to the stability of the government or society. It has also experienced periodic bouts of inter-communal violence between Malays and Chinese in 1969, and Malays and Indians in 2001, but these have remained isolated incidents. Nevertheless, Malaysia is geo-strategically sandwiched between sub-state conflicts in southern Thailand, the Philippines and Indonesia, and there exists a latent threat of these conflicts spilling over into Malaysia itself.