There is scope for significant gendered approaches in investigating the workings of the Court, and it is in this area where the case of a diverse judiciary can be made. We are asking questions whether access to justice is gendered, which may have implications for the type of cases and claimants who come to the CJEU, and particularly the cases referred from Member States’ courts to the Court of Justice through the preliminary reference procedure. We also look at the relative lack of gender implications in the area of direct actions brought against the acts of the institutions.