The world has undergone transformations with important consequences for the way democracy, the state, and public policymaking processes have been structured and have worked. As a market ideology and democratic paradigm, neoliberalism has been the dominant model shaping all these recent changes and reform efforts as well as influencing the functioning of democratic policymaking processes at all levels. Many of the current issues drive actors at all levels to look at such matters from a global perspective in developing solutions. Since globalization implies interdependency in a contradictory world of competition and cooperation, global public policymaking processes involve increasingly learning from one another or monitoring, transferring, and implementing the best practices.

Some scholars continue to argue about what global governance actually means and how it works in practice. Still others dispute its importance. Yet, there is a general shift toward a complex system of governance in the area of global politics and public policymaking. This paper aims at exploring the changing environment and nature and the processes of public policymaking in the context of global governance. It also presents and discusses recent trends, developments, dynamics, and actors influencing the processes of global governance and public policymaking. Moreover, the paper aims to evaluate how these trends and developments influence the values driving or shaping global governance and public policymaking processes, and the interactions among the involved actors in the world. In this respect, this paper presents a critical analysis of how global governance works in 4practice, with a focus on what is being governed and how challenges to global governance are met.