The purpose of this chapter is to consider how demographic change is shaping the family of the 21st century. However, to understand the context in which to view families at the end of the 20th century, it is necessary to consider the following: A popular psychology magazine in the United States presented some frequently found research results showing that death rates are lower for married people than single people, and that this difference is greater for men than for women (Horn, 1977). The piece was headed with a cartoon, showing the comedian and film director, Woody Allen, sitting at a bar with Sigmund Freud. Allen is asking Freud: "Is it true that married men live longer?" Freud replies, "No, it just feels longer." This cartoon is an antifamily denial of the profamily research results. It is a male<entered antifamily denial of the particularly strong profamily results for men. The analysis of demographic change serves to elaborate this point.