Many media reports, documentaries and short films and some scholarly papers have tried to look at the sinking Carteret Islands due to climate change. The most recent assessment report that has answered questions that were often refuted by others is that of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2001). It has tried to deal with more compelling issues of climate change and its other components of impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation. It is in this report that most discussions and research on climate change and climate-induced displacement form the basis for discussions. This chapter is structured into three main parts:

• an overview of discussions on customary land holding in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea;

• internal relocation and settlement of the Carteret Islanders; and • the construction of Woroav village in Tinputz, Bougainville and the other

three sites in Tearouki, Mabiri and Tsimba, also on mainland Bougainville.