Freud on Desire and Debt
DOI link for Freud on Desire and Debt
Freud on Desire and Debt book
In their groundbreaking volume The Language of Psychoanalysis, Jean Laplanche and Jean-Bertrand Pontalis define psychoanalytic desire as appearing “in the rift which separates need and demand; it cannot be reduced to need since, by definition, it is not a relation to a real object independent of the subject but a relation to phantasy (. . .)” (Laplanche and Pontalis 1974, 483). Thus, in the language of psychoanalysis, there is a distinction between fulfilling a need (such as hunger, sleep, etc.) in contradistinction to the fulfilling of a desire. Again, according to Laplanche and Pontalis: “wishes, on the other hand, are indissolubly bound to ‘memory-traces’, and they are fulfilled through the hallucinatory reproduction of the perceptions which have become the signs of this satisfaction” (Laplanche and Pontalis 1974, 482).