International Relations scholars are beginning to acknowledge the limitations of a state-centered approach to global politics (see Chapter 4). In the sub-field of global environmental politics, much of the new focus on “non-state” actors has been on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) (see Chapter 14); considerably less attention has been paid to business actors (Clapp 2007). Although there have been a number of excellent studies conducted in recent years on the role of corporations in shaping international responses to a diverse range of issues (e.g., climate change, biodiversity, ozone depletion, and trade in hazardous waste), the literature is dominated by only a handful of researchers (Levy and Newell 2005 b; Falkner 2008; Clapp and Fuchs 2009).