Las Mujeres Invisibles/The Invisible Women
DOI link for Las Mujeres Invisibles/The Invisible Women
Las Mujeres Invisibles/The Invisible Women book
EL PASO, TEXAS, is A MICROCOSM OF THE INHERENT CONTRADICTIONS CREATED BY the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) along the border. On the one hand, NAFTA profoundly shifted the focus of national and international commerce, moving it from an “East-West” emphasis to a “North-South” paradigm. In doing so, El Paso became the gateway to the tremendous economic opportunities available to Mexico and Latin America (Ortega 2000). At the same time, north of the U.S.-Mexican border, NAFTA acted as a catalyst, another force, or another trend, that is steadily squeezing Mexican-American women workers (in the garment industry) to the margins of the economic sector in El Paso. These Mexican-American garment workers are typically low-skilled and low-income women. As the garment industries close down their businesses and move across the border, the MexicanAmerican women that once worked in these businesses are being left out of the economic restructuring taking place under NAFTA. These women are being marginalized. The type of work that they have done-in some cases for more than twenty, years-is now becoming obsolete and replaced by advanced technology.