The study of resilience began over three decades ago when developmental researchers began to notice positive adaptation among subgroups of children who were considered “at risk” for developing later psychopathology. Indeed, it could be argued that interest in resilience among adults and older persons has been driven by the Positive Psychology movement (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Specific examples of the application of resilience to later life are found in discussions of strength-based approaches to counseling and therapy (Arean & Huh, 2006; Ronch & Goldfield, 2003), grief and bereavement (Moore & Stratton, 2002; Stroebe, Hansson, Schut, & Stroebe, 2008), dying (Nakashima & Canda, 2005), and the notion of cognitive reserve capacity (Staudinger, Marsiske, & Baltes, 1993).