The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in 2011. Having come into existence during the ideologically polarised 1960s, this organisation, aimed at articulating the ambitions of newly decolonised countries, has faced major questions since the end of the Cold War: how relevant can it be when its raison d’être no longer exists? How can an organisation that promoted non-alignment continue to exist when only one superpower has survived? Yet NAM has persisted; in fact, it has been engaged in a revitalisation process for the last two decades. This ability to survive suggests that the organisation is still seen by its members as occupying a unique and beneficial diplomatic space.