In the area of voluntary migration, the international institutions are far less developed at the global level than for “forced” migrants or refugees. The international organization with the greatest resources and expertise on international migration, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), has no Convention, only a loose protection mandate (upholding “the human dignity and well-being of migrants”), and is essentially a service organization for states. Although well resourced, its administrative budget is very small and most of its funds are raised for specifi c projects. For instance, the IOM has provided migration services such as recruitment, selection, processing, language training, orientation activities, medical examination, placement, activities facilitating reception and integration, and advisory services on migration questions.