ABSTRACT

In recent decades the capitalist democracies have reaffirmed their long-established immigration policies which, collectively, constitute a protective wall against self-propelled migration, but with small doors that allow for specific flows. One of the doors was provided to allow for the procurement of certain types of labor; and the other to let in a small number of asylum-seekers. The future shape of international migration depends in large part on how these doors are manipulated. 1