Leadership is key to understanding the emergence and future consolidation of regional powers both in their own regions and at the global level. Recent works on new regional powers have emphasized the need to study leadership and the lack of followership, or of contestation to the aspiration of these powers that is intended to change the asymmetric representation in multilateral institutions such as the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), as well as gain more influential positions in these institutions (see Schirm 2010; Flemes 2010; Malamud 2009). Whereas leadership is defined in these scholarly works in terms of material capabilities (hard power) and soft power, they lack a clear characterization of which types of leadership the regional power relies on when it ‘acts’ at both the regional and global levels.