The intersection of gender and violent crime has become a recent central focus of many criminological inquiries into the causes, correlates, and implications of various forms of antisocial behavior. Such studies of gendered violence can be framed within a larger conceptualization at the individual and societal level of what it means to be female or male. What epitomizes feminine and masculine roles and identities within respective societies? What attitudes, behaviors, and actions are acceptable today and reinforced via socialization regarding the sexes? How does society punish those persons who fail to act within the boundaries of gendered expectations? Are there gender disparities across social, legal, business, and familial spheres, and if so, why? These questions are key to understanding the intersection of gender and violence and how these pathways are formed.