In the past few decades, the complex issue of child sexual abuse (CSA) has received unparalleled consideration from all facets of society and this attention has enlightened researchers, policymakers, and the public to how little is actually known about the tragedy (Bolen, 2001). This chapter discusses the definition, prevalence, risk and protective factors, and life stage consequences of CSA victims with the purpose of clarifying the existing information regarding sexual violence against children.