ABSTRACT

A substantial body of evidence indicating that parental support is positively and significantly related to a child’s post–sexual abuse functioning (Elliot & Carnes, 2001; Everson, Hunter, Runyan, Edelsohn, & Coulter, 1989) continues to grow. For example, numerous studies have pointed to positive maternal support as critical to mediating the negative effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) (Conte & Schuerman, 1987; Corcoran, 2004; Deblinger, Steer, & Lippmann, 1999; Everson et al., 1989; Heriot, 1996). Spaccarelli (1994) summarized that

a warm and supportive relationship with a nonoffending parent may protect children from risks associated with abuse by minimizing perceptions of threat associated with the abuse (e.g., loss of family relationships) and by fostering the use of active or emotionally expressive coping strategies.

(p. 357)