In Sweden today, there is a constant stream of attention focused on Islam and Muslims. There has been a good deal of discussion of such subjects as male circumcision, female genital mutilation, the slaughter of animals in accordance with religious requirements, religious private schools, the wearing of religious dress in public places, honor violence, Sharia laws, and the granting of planning permission for mosques. In some instances the debate has been balanced and reflective, in others careless and sensationalist. In particular, Malmö, the third city of Sweden, is presented as a city soon to be completely dominated by Muslims. But the discussion of Islam and Muslim issues has roots that go back in time. Islam has long been the focus of criticism and derogatory comments, and has been perceived as representing something radically different (Gardell 2010). At the same time, policies are in place to protect minorities through legislation and make room for a plurality in Sweden. This article tries to explore the extent to which Swedish society has been affected by what has generally been called Islamophobia.