Consideration of the two projects opens up particularly illuminating insights into developments in a part of rural Europe just beyond the borders of the EU. The countryside of both BiH and Palestine forms a central part of the tourism offer of both countries. Moreover in both cases it is important to understand that the towns and cities of BiH and Palestine (Sarajevo, Banja-Luka, Mostar, for example in the former case; Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nablus, and Hebron, for example, in the latter case) are part of a mosaic of urban and rural landscapes that are inextricably bound together and interdependent for residents and tourists alike.