Globalization has infl uenced gender relations in multiple ways. Its dynamics increased after 1990. Whereas at the beginning, research focused on the negative impacts (i.a. Mies 1986, Wichterich 1998, Young 1998), now after 20 years, it seems an adequate moment to refl ect the comprehensive and deep socio-economic changes in gender relations induced by globalization. Globalization must be related to modernization, because it interworks and intercuts with internal modernization as the debates on “glocalization” have shown.1