In this chapter, inequality is measured according to the availability of food. To estimate the level of poverty, the Indian administration considers that the necessary income should permit one to get 2,400 calories a day. This perception has a dramatic importance: from 23 million babies born in a year, 8 million die before reaching adulthood. The infant mortality rate is as high as 67/100 and malnutrition is the main problem. By 2004, India occupied place 127 among 177 on the Human Development Index. Three years later, 79 percent of Indian children had nutrition problems and 75 percent of citizens had a weight inferior to the norm.4 Thus, linking inequality and the level of food availability remains important.