In a study of reuse strategies for military base conversions in three different communities, the employment of a single detailed base reuse design and land use plan gave rise to heated discussion, premature controversies, and even conflicts about issues of design and development – for example, where to put roads, how to abut the neighboring areas, what specific developments should go on what sites – that might well turn out to be irrelevant to any future base renewal given the long-term nature, regional implications, and contexts of base renewal programs and the volatility of an ever-changing global economy. Equally critical for many in the region, the plan focused on the base alone when in fact the whole region was affected by the base closure.