Trust is usually a crucial element in gaining access to potential research participants in conﬂict situations, yet that trust is often diﬃcult to secure. In this chapter, I draw from ﬁeldwork conducted in the Occupied Palestinian Territories to examine diﬀerent dimensions of research in conﬂict zones in which issues of trust can inﬂuence if and how access is gained. My research focuses on Palestinian popular resistance during the second intifada, from 2000 to 2007, in the speciﬁc contexts of East Jerusalem and the West Bank. The mixed methods approach I used (including semi-structured interviews with activists, surveys with youth, and participant observation) necessitated that I negotiate diﬀerent trust relationships to gain access to the ﬁeld and the research participants. In the following essay, I ﬁrst discuss how trust from the dominant state or government can determine how the researcher accesses the ﬁeld site itself. Second, I examine the challenges of gaining the collective trust of an oppressed group or community to gain credibility in carrying out the research. Third, I address how ‘special’ trust issues can inﬂuence access to speciﬁc groups within conﬂict zones, such as militants, activists, prisoners, and children. Finally, I explore practical solutions and speciﬁc recommendations for overcoming some of these challenges of trust and access.