If education is historically heavily centralized in Burkina Faso with the European Ministry of Education model as a result of the French colonization, Burkina Faso, “ . . . like many countries, is transforming its educational system within the context of the changing global economic system.” (Hursh & Martina, 2003, p. 3) Carnoy and Rhoten (2002) contend that the combination of economic restructuring in the world economy and the powerful ideological conceptions of how educational delivery needs to be changed, spread by international institutions as a consequence of the globalization process, is having a signifi cant impact on educational systems worldwide. (p.2)

Also, the contradictions that inherent in international assistance and the lack of control of the private sector have imparted to education no precise direction, thus reinforcing the dependence on external donors.