Substance use among Muslims in Western countries like the United Kingdom was virtually undocumented before and during the 1980s. Since then, the number of Western Muslims using drugs and alcohol has steadily increased, as indicated by ethnicity records of those accessing treatment (Fountain, 2009b). As a result, treatment centers, researchers, and practitioners are increasingly realizing the need for greater cultural awareness training for workers, as well as new initiatives needed to engage and retain Muslim clients in treatment (Ar®en, Berry & Owens, 2009). It is time practitioners went beyond the wide generalization of incorporating “spirituality” into treatment, and instead focus on the specic aspects of Islam that are unique to the individual’s makeup and deep rooted in their beliefs and practices. In doing so, clinicians will be able to better meet the needs of Muslim clients.