In 1974, neither Greece nor the developed capitalist countries were dominated by neoliberal and neoconservative doctrines about education and sociopolitical organization. 1974 was an infl uential year for the Greek social formation because the Greek junta had just collapsed, due to its weakness and failure to overcome the smashing blow of the popular rebellion against it in November, 1973. Toppling from power the lawful Cypriot government (via military coup) so as to control the island politically, the Greek dictatorship originally aspired to project this last tragic act as a “national success” that would contribute to its political legitimization. However, this very act turned out to be a “national disaster” that brought about not only its downfall but also the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.