Digital technologies are altering research practices surrounding creation and use of ethnographic fi eld recordings, and the methodologies and paradigms of the disciplines centered around their interpretation. This chapter discusses some examples of our current research practices as fi eldworkers in active engagement with cultural heritage communities documenting music and language in the Asia-Pacifi c region, and as developers and curators of the digital repository PARADISEC (the Pacifi c and Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures: http://paradisec.org .au). We suggest a number of benefi ts that the use of digital technologies can bring to the recording of material from small and endangered cultures, and to its reuse by communities and researchers. We believe it is a matter of social justice as well as scientifi c interest that ethnographic recordings held in higher education institutions should be preserved and made accessible to future generations. We argue that, with appropriate planning and care by researchers, digitization of research recordings in audiovisual media can facilitate access by remote communities to records of their cultural heritage held in higher education institutions to a far greater extent than was possible in the analog age.