Eric Voegelin’s study, Die politischen Religionen, appeared in 1938. Devoted

primarily to National Socialism, the work also mentions in passing that political religiosity can also be found in the thought of Marx.1 Soon after

the end of the war, Jacob Taubes furnished the proof that Marx was an

outstanding representative of the philosophical eschatology of Western

civilisation.2 Shortly afterward, Karl Lo¨with’s book, Meaning in History,

emphatically underscored the claim of Marxist thought to point out a path

to ‘salvation’.3 Nevertheless, the question concerning the religious elements

in Marx’s instruction manual for Communism was extensively tabooed

during the boom of neo-Marxism in Western Europe.4