According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over fourteen million people worldwide have been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the etiological agent which causes AIDS (WHO 1993). At present, it is estimated that women constitute forty percent of the global total of adult HIV infections (Mann et al. 1992). In Sub-Saharan Africa, equal numbers of men and women are infected, and in Asia and Latin America, the HIV gender gap is closing as the number of women infected rapidly increases (Mann et al. 1992). By the mid-1990s, therefore, it is believed global adult HIV infections of women will equal that of men (Mann 1993).