Who were the audiences of colonial architecture? Who were the audiences of public institutions such as museums in the colonial context? How were such institutions received by their audiences? In this chapter, these questions motivate an examination of the Napier Museum in Trivandrum, designed from 1872 by Robert Fellowes Chisholm – consulting architect to the Government of Madras – for the nominally independent princely state of Travancore (Figure 7.1).