Agrarian extractivism has captured growing scholarly attention in the context of heightened land grabbing dynamics. Particularly in Latin America, the concept has gained political traction within different social movements and activist circles. While several studies show extractivism’s disproportionate effects along gender lines, few works have analyzed gender’s role in setting up the conditions that allow for the implementation, maintenance and expansion of extractivist projects. By emphasizing the centrality of both the material and social conditions of reproduction, this chapter shows how gender is not subsidiary, but constitutive of agrarian extractivism. Drawing from ethnographic work carried out in the Colombian Caribbean, it examines the centrality of dispossession in the production of landscapes of oil palm cultivation. By doing so, it contributes to the conceptualization and critique of extractivism, addressing the analytical possibilities that a feminist political ecology perspective can open up in relation to its workings and potential disruption.