This chapter explores the relation between agrarian extractivism and sustainable development, through the case of pineapple production in Costa Rica. The main argument is twofold. First, that by moving the discussion away from issues such as health, nature and labor, and towards technological fixes, sustainable development renders invisible the stories of the people and landscapes upon which the pineapple activity has expanded. Second, the discourse of sustainable development attempts to give coherence to the fragmenting and destructive dynamics upon which the Costa Rican strand of agrarian extractivism is predicated.