This chapter debates the key themes that emerge from Chapter 4: object agency; the relationship between Indigenous knowledge and archaeological theory, and the dangers of comparing the two; the issues of translation between worlds; how we achieve change; and whether archaeologists in Europe should stop using the term “prehistory.” The important concept of metaontology, briefly defined in Chapter 1, crops up for the first time in this chapter, requiring the authors to position themselves and their work in relation to broader sets of philosophical concepts and political consequences.