This chapter assesses the fulfillment of commitments made by the government of Mexico at the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II). Since the Habitat II Conference, the urban and territorial dimension of Mexico has been transformed by public policies. Since the 1990s, a restructuring of the distribution pattern of the population and more balance due to the economic model adopted by Mexico produced a relocation of the productive processes. However, today a significant part of the population still lives in poorly connected areas, which in many cases exacerbate spatial inequalities. The metropolitan areas in Mexico, like many others in the region, present a new spatial architecture. From the economic and functional point of view, the largest cities have transformed into a polycentric structure, organized around nodes.