This chapter recounts in seven parts Chile’s progress and setbacks since Habitat II. Part one examines the trajectory of urban and environmental policy and governance, including the set of policies Chile developed and implemented to address significant legislative gaps. Part two focuses on energy and part three looks at the results of housing policies and the social problems that arose from the mercantilization of housing rights for low-income segments of the population. The fourth part describes the urban trends in Chile and the failure of urbanization to reverse inequality in cities, despite the net increase in urban infrastructure and coverage of basic services. The fifth part focuses on urban economy and productivity. Part six reviews the issue of poverty reduction and growing social inequality and insecurity across Chilean cities. The last part describes the way urban forms have changed due to housing and social policies in Chile’s cities.