This chapter seeks to understand what has happened in the 20-year span from 1996 to 2016 with respect to urban policies designed globally but implemented in Ecuadorian cities. This approach will be developed under an evaluation of the fulfillment of the main commitments of Habitat II, assumed by the government of Ecuador at the local level of cities. In 1994 Ecuador adopted economic policies to liberalize its financial market with unregulated interest rates, supposedly to attract foreign capital and thereby improve the economy. In Ecuador, a large part of the public investment and expenditures went to expand and strengthen state productive and social infrastructure with important rehabilitation projects and construction of roads, bridges, refineries, ports, airports, reservoirs for irrigation systems, hospitals and educational units, among others. In the case of Ecuador, there is no connection between the old agenda of Habitat II and the new one that will replace it in Habitat III.