This chapter explores possible measures for channeling responses and various options for future legal and political arrangements which address the concerns of both national governments and non-state violators. It focuses on four problems involved in the interpretation and application of the international law of diplomacy: assessing the implications of systemic inequities; setting a definitional frame; accommodating structural change and anticipating politicization. In the operation of the law of diplomatic relations arises from the inequities within the system. Systemic inequities are readily recognized by legal or political scholars, and in so far as one purpose of the law is to structure expectations, the general expectation that violations will occur may signal the initiation of a change in the law, via a change in state practice. The effort to reexamine the rules and protections of diplomacy leads to question the centrality of new legal instruments to the international strategy for protecting diplomats.