Poland is beset by a renewed slackening of growth of the economy, by a badly damaged natural environment, disequilibria in its external and domestic economy, flourishing black markets and lack of popular confidence in State and Party. Since the introduction of central planning in Poland, the country has entered upon three major reform approaches: in 1956–1958, in 1973–1975 and in 1981–1984. A weakening of the dynamics of reform had been manifest since 1984. But in April of 1987 the secretariat of the Party- and Government Commission for Economic Reform published 174 “Theses on the second stage of the economic reform”, meant to set in motion a renewed reform thrust. Reform attempts aimed at systems combining traditional central planning with parametric control, systems which would consequently give no scope to free markets characterized by free access and in principle free price formation.