This chapter examines the nature of Israeli administrative, physical, and economic control over the occupied territories, and its cost in terms of Palestinian human rights. It shows how the severity of such measures and recourse to coercive means of control has intensified as a consequence of the Palestinian uprising, and how the economics of occupation have also changed. In the years prior to the intifada, several major trends could be observed in the nature of Israeli control over the occupied territories. Throughout the occupied territories, Palestinians are regularly stopped at checkpoints and made to wait while a soldier consults a computer terminal or computer print-out. From 9 December 1987 until 10 December 1989,795 Palestinians died in the occupied territories at the hands of Israeli soldiers and civilians. While Israeli exports to the occupied territories are unrestricted and competition from goods from other sources virtually eliminated through duties and other controls, Palestinian access to Israeli markets has been sharply limited.