Regional security complex theory
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Regional security complex theory book
One of the chief contributions of the Copenhagen School is that of Regional Security Complex Theory (RSCT). RSCT assumes that security issues can be grouped around geographically distinct regional complexes and uses the securitization concept to explain dynamics in the security environment within and across regions. However, recent developments in both the security studies field, and with respect to regional and global security, prompt us to reconsider the original theory. Whilst RSCT retains explanatory power and most of its assumptions remain viable, there is an evident need to address revealed deficiencies in the theory relative to changes in the security landscape. Among these are issues related to the contingent nature of RSCT relative to structural changes in the international system (the balance of power, security arrangements on the regional and interregional level, evolving patterns of amity and enmity) as well as its demonstrated inability to account for the variable nature of security threats and threat perceptions. This chapter seeks to address those issues in order to enhance the utility and contemporary applicability of RSCT.