In an increasingly competitive environment with the ever-present scarcity of resources it is particularly important that those with the formal responsibility of educating society are also aware of the legal context in relation to race and culture within which they need to carry out their work. Post-war reconstruction of shattered cities and economies and the scarcity of labour in all the European countries necessitated a wider search for suitable labour. Thus, throughout of the 1950s various European countries actively encouraged recruitment of labour from their colonies or from countries newly given their independence. The next substantial piece of legislation covering race relations was the second Race relations Act in 1968. This act extended the powers of the Race Relations Board to cover employment, housing, education and the provision of goods, facilities and services, and the publication or display of discriminatory advertisements and notices.