This chapter provides an overview of the global literature related to the intersection of migration, gender, and agriculture. It explores the similarities and differences across geographic and cultural contexts in how migration related to agriculture shapes and is shaped by gender. First, we describe major theories of migration and present feminist critiques of demography which guide our analysis of the literature. Next, the chapter splits into two sections based on migrant’s gender, with an overview of the locations, types, and relation to gender of migration documented in the literature, and five subsections covering how migration interacts with gendered 1) division of labor, 2) decision-making, 3) norms, 4) access to key resources, and 5) emotional and psychological effects. Following this, a section summarizes the growing body of literature documenting how environmental migration is gendered. Lastly, the chapter provides a summary of gaps in the literature and suggestions for future study.