ABSTRACT

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explores the political/cultural dimension of what often are called “hybrid interregional multipurpose and multidimensional relations.” It introduces an original interpretation of the unresolved dispute over values by opposing internal and external forms of freedom. The book also explores the diverse cultures of modernity, distinctive paths to modernization, and the variety of secularization processes and regionalist policies, especially those in their respective neighborhoods: the Mediterranean basin, Eastern Europe, South America, the Asia-Pacific region, and central Asia. It discusses the surprisingly high degree of consensus in the elite discourses of Europe and China about the shape of a post-hegemonic, diverse, plural, and multilayered scheme of multilateralism. The book focuses on the consequences that the long recession beginning in 2009 had in influencing the crisis of democratic regimes.