For a variety of reasons, education research can be challenging to summarize. Varying contexts, designs, levels of quality, measurement challenges, the definition of underlying constructs and treatments as well as the complexity of research subjects themselves can result in variability. Education research is voluminous and draws on multiple methods, including quantitative as well as qualitative approaches to answer key research questions. With increased numbers of empirical research in Instructional Design and Technology (IDT), using various synthesis methods can provide a means to more deeply understand trends and patterns in research findings across multiple studies. The purpose of this article is to illustrate structured review or meta-synthesis procedures for qualitative research as well as novel meta-analysis procedures for the kinds of multiple treatment designs common to IDT settings. Sample analyses are used to discuss critical methodological ideas as a way to introduce researchers to these techniques.