This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book focuses on the debate on civil society and its implications for the Middle East and North Africa region familiarizes the reader with the theoretical framework. It explores the concrete contribution of civil society actors to peace-building, development, and change by taking into account the variety of roles and functions they can fulfil according to the literature available. The book also focuses on the political landscape characterizing the young leaders’ engagement in non-violent action in the Palestinian Occupied Territories. It discusses the challenges and dilemmas affecting religious civil society in Nigeria, where religious identities are usually classified into three groups: Christianity, Islam, and Traditional African Religion. The book aims to determine whether the women’s movement managed to become more efficient after the progressive provisions of the new constitution.